Statistics on Ghana’s Educational System


Ghana’s spending on education has been around 25% of its annual budget in the past decade.

The Ghanaian education system from Kindergarten up to an undergraduate degree level takes about 17 years.

Ghana scored 1 on the UNESCO Gender Parity Index (GPI) for Primary and Secondary school levels in 2013. 

The adult literacy rate in Ghana was 79.04% in 2018, with males at 78.3% and females at 65.3%. Ghana’s rapid shift from an informal economy to formal economy made education an important political objective in Ghana. 

The magnitude of the task, as well as economic difficulties and political instabilities, have slowed down attempted reforms. The Education Act of 1987, followed by the Constitution of 1992, gave a new impulse to educational policies in the country. 

The primary school net enrollment rate was 84%, described by UNICEF as “far ahead” of the Sub-Saharan average. In its 2013–14 report, the World Economic Forum ranked Ghana 46th out of 148 countries for education system quality. 

In 2010, Ghana’s literacy rate was 71.5%, with a notable gap between men (78.3%) and women (65.3%). 

The Guardian newspaper disclosed in April 2015 that 90% of children in Ghana were enrolled in school, ahead of countries like Pakistan and Nigeria at 72% and 64% respectively. The youth female and male ages 15–24 years literacy rate in Ghana was 81% in 2010, with males at 82%, and females at 80%.

Since 2008, enrollment has continually increased at all level of education (pre-primary, primary, secondary and tertiary education). With 84% of its children in primary school, Ghana has a school enrollment “far ahead” of its Sub-Saharan neighbor’s. The number of infrastructures has increased consequently on the same period. Vocational Education (in “TVET institutes”, not including SHS vocational and technical programmes) is the only exception, with an enrollment decrease of 1.3% and the disappearance of more than 50 institutions between the years 2011/12 and 2012/2013. This drop would be the result of the low prestige of Vocational Education and the lack of demand from industry. 

Ministry of Education statistics showed 261,962 tertiary students during the 2011/2012 school year: 202,063 in the public sector and 59,899 in the private sector, attending 142 institutions.

Source: Wikipedia

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